Thursday, December 30, 2010

Half-Uncle Alonzo----A Very Interesting Character

Sometimes the most interesting ancestors are those who aren’t in our direct lines, but might be an uncle or an aunt or even an in-law. Although a focused genealogist might stick with the direct ancestry, I find myself drawn to anyone I come across who has a story that is unique in some way. It also helps whenever we have some documentation available, other than just census records every ten years and a rather unique name.

With that in mind I’d like to introduce you to Captain Alonzo Eaton. 



Alonzo Eaton was born in Townsend, Massachusetts on July 30, 1831. Townsend is a small town on the New Hampshire border, incorporated 100 years prior to Alonzo’s birth, although settled 100 years before that as part of Ashby, Lunenburg and Ashburnham.  

He was the third child of Amos and Abigail Sherwin Eaton. Older brother Zimri was born 5 years earlier and another son, also named Alonzo, was born 2 years before our Alonzo,  but died at just a year and a half old. It was common practice at that time to name a child after an older sibling who had passed away. Then, sadly, older brother Zimri would only live until just a few weeks past his 7th birthday, leaving Alonzo without any real memory of his older brother.  

Tragedy struck the young family again when Abigail died at the tender age of  32, having already outlived two of her three small children. Amos was left with his grief and a 3 year old to raise alone. But, out of necessity, if not love, it was only a year later that Amos remarried. Hepsibah Simonds, a local girl, became Alonzo’s stepmother when he was a four year old. Amos and Hepsibah had 5 more children together and Alonzo would be 26 when his youngest brother, Ed’s great grandfather Albert, was born.

Amos, Alonzo’s father was a carpenter by trade in his younger days and Alonzo was a painter. The family moved from Townsend to Lunenburg and then to Fitchburg, all towns nearby experiencing booms brought on by extensions of rail lines and improvements to highways as well as new industries cropping up. They were likely busy tradesmen at that time as the towns they lived in grew and homes and commercial buildings went up all over. When Alonzo’s mother died, Townsend had a population of just 1,500 and within the next 2 decades it would explode to 2,000.  

When Alonzo was 19 he still lived at home with Amos and Hepsibah in nearby Fitchburg.  Just a couple of doors down from the Eatons lived the Willard family. Josiah Willard lived in a household undoubtedly ruled by women. In addition to his wife Mary, his mother Josephine, his sister-in-law Sylvia and nine daughters ranging in age from four to twenty two shared the home. Poor Josiah.

Alonzo had quite the selection, considering four of these sisters were close to his age. It must have taken him a couple of years to decide which one he would choose, but at the age of 21 he married Ellen Willard, Josiah and Mary’s 3rd daughter, also 21.

Alonzo and Ellen started their family there in Massachusetts, having 3 children by the time they were married just six years. In 1859 they moved the family to Ottumwa, Iowa. I don’t know why they moved all that way. It could have been because the Townsend area had grown so rapidly, perhaps Alonzo missed the quiet community of his childhood. If that was the case, Alonzo would be sorely disappointed since the railroad came to Ottumwa in 1859 and its population grew from 1,600 in September of 1859 to over 5,000 by 1870. But my guess, based on what I have learned about him, is that Alonzo went to Iowa knowing full well that the area was about to take off and that it was a good opportunity for him.

And this is where the really interesting part of Alonzo’s life begins. According to an article written in 1905 and published in the Fitchburg Sentinel, after moving to Iowa Alonzo “prospered there and was a leading citizen” until at 30 years old and an able-bodied young man, he found himself in the middle of a country at war with itself.

Alonzo, now the father of 4, entered the Union Army in the spring of 1861 after President Lincoln's second call for troops. He was instrumental in organizing Company K of the 2nd Iowa Volunteer Infantry. When he was elected Captain by the men in his Company, he declined the office knowing his close friend Charles Cloutman from New Hampshire wanted nothing more than to be Captain. So, Alonzo was elected 1st Lieutenant.

In his book Roster and Record of Iowa Troops In the Rebellion, Vol. 1, Guy E Logan writes:

“Second Regiment had all reached Keokuk before the date indicated in the Governor's order. There they were mustered into the service on the 27th and 28th days of May, 1861. The regiment was fortunate in the selection of its first field officers, who soon justified the good judgment shown by Governor Kirkwood in appointing them, by the skill and ability displayed in preparing the regiment for active service in the short time which elapsed before they were ordered to take the field against the enemy. “

Just two weeks later the 2nd Iowa was ordered to proceed to Missouri and take over control of the railroad there. In June of 1861, Company K moved through Missouri and into Tennessee. But in August of 1861, Alonzo being assigned brigade quartermaster, was separated from his comrades as he stayed behind while they continued to march on. Alonzo was saddened by the separation as he would never see most of these friends again. And although his fate seems not to be one of glory, it is nonetheless unique and remarkable.

There is a lot more to Alonzo's story and I don’t want you to lose interest, so I will continue it in next week’s Henrietta post. I hope you’ll come back to find out what it is that makes Alonzo so fascinating for me because I think you will also find him to be a very interesting character. 

2 comments:

Nancy said...

I'll have to come back to read about Alonzo. That used to be such a popular name - I have a great-uncle Alonzo, too.

I just wanted to let you know that I've given you the Ancestor Approved Award. You can read about it and get the image at this post on my blog: http://nancysfamilyhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2011/01/award-and-favorites.html
(I hope you like awards.)

Nancy said...

This was an interesting read. I had to chuckle at the population explosion from 1500 to 2000. Someone (I can't remember who) wrote a post about reading history forward. In that light, it would definitely seem like a huge increased to those residents. I also chuckled at the image of Josiah and his houseful of women. I have to wonder how many of his daughters had him wrapped around their fingers - or if he was the strong, strict, silent type so common (from some things I've read) of that era.

For those of us who come late to read a post and you've already added a sequel, maybe you could add a link at the end of the posts so we could move on to the next post (or back to the first if we missed it).